The Car Connection Ford Mustang Overview
The Ford Mustang is a two-door coupe or convertible that's become an American institution and calling card.
With the Mustang, Ford coined the term "pony car." The Mustang made the two-door sporty coupe a permanent fixture on the American automotive landscape.
MORE: Read our 2022 Ford Mustang review
Although not its intended mission, the Mustang has evolved into a performance car with true track and racing potential, evidenced by its growing pedigree and superlative Shelby GT500.
The Shelby GT500, with its staggering 760 hp, was new for 2020, as was a 2.3 High Performance Package that uses the engine from the Focus RS. The GT350R was also updated in 2020 with suspension tweaks and steering calibration taken from the GT500. However, both the Bullitt and GT350 Mustangs were dropped in 2021, in favor of the new Mach 1 edition. Also in 2021, Ford made automatic emergency braking standard. The 2022 model year sees the introduction of the Stealth package, Ice White package, and Coastal Limited styling packages. Also for 2022, the 5.0-liter V-8 loses 10 hp to drop the GT to 450 hp to meet emissions regulations.
The new Ford Mustang
The newest Mustang was revealed just before the nameplate's 50th anniversary celebration, which took place at the 2014 New York auto show. Ford also announced it would be sold globally for the first time ever.
The current Ford Mustang is radically different than its predecessor, with sleeker looks and and an updated chassis that finally includes an independent rear suspension. The track is wider to accommodate the new rear suspension, and the front geometry has been reworked to match the performance front to rear. The interior is improved, and Ford returns a turbo-4 to the lineup to bring performance and fuel economy together. A massaged silhouette provides a new look as well as a larger trunk, and Ford engineered the new car to meet crash standards in countries around the world to allow for the expanded global sales.
Under the hood of the 2015 Mustang, buyers could find the familiar 3.7-liter V-6, a new 2.3-liter turbo-4, and a more-powerful 5.0-liter V-8. The V-6, which was dropped after the 2017 model year, delivered 300 hp and 280 pound-feet of torque. The turbo-4, which features direct-injection, originally offered 310 hp and 320 lb-ft of torque. For 2020, torque increased to 350 lb-ft, and Ford added a 330-hp version in the 2.3 High Performance package. The V-8 originally made 435 hp and 400 lb-ft of torque, but that increased to 460 hp and 420 lb-ft in 2018, then dropped to 450 hp for 2022. The Bullitt version, added for 2019, made 480 hp, but it was dropped for 2021 with the addition of the Mach 1, which used the same engine. A 6-speed manual transmission remains standard, while a 6-speed automatic with paddle shifters was the automatic option at launch. A 10-speed automatic has since replaced the 6-speed.
Once again, the Mustang is available as a fastback coupe or a convertible, and Ford offers an ever-expanding range of performance models and packages. The convertible includes a standard multi-layer insulated cloth top that gives the car a more upscale appearance and a quieter cabin. The top also lowers twice as fast as before, and has a sleeker profile when down.
High-tech features available in the current Mustang include driver-adjustable stability control, steering, throttle, and transmission systems; launch control; a line lock function for burnouts and improved launches; and the Sync infotainment system.
The 2015 models were offered in a Mustang 50 Year limited edition package to celebrate the half-century of pony cars. It included extra badging, louvers over the rear side windows, and some unique interior touches. All 50 Year cars were coupes with the 5.0-liter V-8, available with either a manual or an automatic transmission.
So as not to leave a good thing alone, Ford brought several updates and new options to the 2016 Mustang. GT models received a new hood with turn-signal indicators integrated into the hood vents, a throwback to second-gen Mustang models. A California Special package also became available for the 2016 GT, similar to the appearance packages of the past. Turbo-4 'Stang buyers could opt for the Pony pack, while the Ford convertible added the optional Performance package. Upper trim levels also received the new Sync 3 infotainment system.
The Mustang Shelby GT350 returned to the lineup in the 2016 model year, powered by a flat-plane-crank 5.2-liter V-8 with 526 h[, 429 lb-ft of torque, and a sky-high redline of 8,250 rpm. It was only offered with a 6-speed manual transmission before it was discontinued for the 2021 model year. The GT350 made the most of the Mustang's finessed chassis dynamics, and added a series of aero and chassis upgrades of its own, including Ford's first application of magnetically controlled dampers. The package also included wide tires, a unique front clip, and other Shelby-specific styling details.
Building on the GT350, Ford also introduced the GT350R for 2016. A sport coupe that competed with the world's best cars, it was lighter than the standard GT350, with extensive use of carbon fiber, including the material's first use in wheels on a mass-produced car. Other R weight-savings measures included the deletion of the rear seat and stereo, a lack of trunk lining, and aluminum used in strategic locations.
For the 2017 model year, the Track package was made standard on the GT350 to give it the cooling it needed.
The Mustang adopted some mild style updates in the 2018 model year, gained new transmission and suspension features, and added a digital display. Left on the cutting-room floor: the long-running V-6 option. Ford also added the Performance Pack Level 2, which used the GT350's magnetic dampers and its 305/35R19 Michelin Pilot Sport Cup 2 tires at all four corners. It also came with heavy-duty springs, thicker sway bars, and revised stability control. It was dropped in 2021 with the addition of the Mach 1 model.
The Bullitt nameplate returned for 2019, and Ford added a B&O Play audio system to the Mustang lineup. The GT350 also received upgrades, specifically to the tires, aerodynamics, and suspension geometry.
For 2020, Ford added the GT500, which conjures up 760 hp and 625 lb-ft of torque from its supercharged 5.2-liter V-8. A massive grille up front brought in lots of air, and a choice of rear wings aided downforce. Offered only with a new 7-speed dual-clutch automatic, the GT500 hit 60 mph in just 3.3 seconds, ran the quarter mile in 10.7 seconds, and reached an electronically limited top speed of 180 mph. A a new 2.3 High Performance package made bits from the GT and GT Performance package available with the turbo-4 engine from the Focus RS. Also for 2020, Ford tweaked the GT350R with suspension and steering insights learned from the GT500, and made its FordPass Connect app standard. The phone app let owners check the status of their cars, locate the car, start it remotely, and lock and unlock the doors.
For 2021, Ford added the revived the Mach 1 nameplate. It adorns the highest performance model in the lineup short of the GT500. It gets the 480-hp engine from the Bullitt (reduced to 470 hp for 2022) teamed with either transmission, magnetic dampers, its own front fascia, big Brembo brakes, a new rear wing and diffuser combo, suspension bits borrowed from the Shelby GT350 and Shelby GT500, and 19-inch wheels wrapped in Michelin Pilot Sport 4 tires. A further Handling package aims for track performance with chunky Michelin Pilot Sport Cup 2 tires, adjustable strut top mounts, stiffer springs, a solid rear sway bar, and front splitter and rear wing with a gurney flap for improved downforce.
Ford Mustang history
The Mustang was the unexpectedly, wildly popular response to the rise of the sporty compact car in the early 1960s. GM had the Chevy Corvair in its stable already when Ford, under the direction of auto legend Lee Iacocca, conceived of its own "personal car"—one that would appeal to buyers looking for an image. By reskinning the existing Falcon runabout with a stylish, enduring new body, Ford had a hit.
The Mustang made its world debut at the 1964 World's Fair in New York on April 17, 1964. Within four months, Ford had sold 100,000 copies, and by 1966 the Ford Mustang coupe and convertible logged more than a million sales. Most early Mustangs were powered by 6-cylinder engines, but V-8 versions grew in popularity as the Mustang developed a muscle-car personality in models like the Shelby GT350 and GT500 and the Mach 1.
Basic Mustangs were affordable transportation; the V-8 cars quickly escalated the muscle-car wars, pitting Ford's best against the Chevy Camaro, Pontiac Firebird, and the Plymouth Barracuda. A fastback body style added a graceful new look to the stable in 1967, and trim and performance packs of every stripe greeted each new model year in the Mustang's infancy.
As the 1960s turned into the 1970s, the Mustang began to lose traction. By the time a new took shape in 1971, safety and emissions rules were eviscerating all the muscle cars. Power peaked with the 1971 Mustang Mach I, and fell each year until Ford took the drastic step of downsizing the car into the 1974 Mustang II. Lighter and much shorter, this Mustang also shared some running gear with the Ford Pinto. A sales hit at first, the Mustang II dented the name and the reputation—and Ford quickly planned a new car, spun from the new Ford Fairmont's rear-drive platform.
The "Fox" platform Mustang arrived in showrooms in 1979, and soldiered on in that basic form until 1993. Along the way, Ford experimented with a 4-cylinder Mustang alongside V-6 and V-8 companions. The V-8 became the GT in 1983, convertibles returned to the lineup that same year, and a turbocharged SVO began its short life in 1984. In the late 1980s Ford planned a front-drive Mustang replacement, but before it launched the vehicle it changed direction. The rear-drive Mustang got revised sheet metal, while the front-drive coupe emerged as the 1989 Ford Probe. Performance models included the Cobra R and SVT editions, as Ford progressively rebuilt the Mustang's reputation for performance.
In the 1990s, the Mustang migrated from the by-then outdated look of the 1993 model, to the heritage-themed styling of the 1994-2004 edition. It also rode on a heavily revised chassis that eventually settled on V-6 and V-8 engine combinations. The 5.0-liter V-8 went away, replaced by the durable, powerful 4.6-liter V-8—but the Mustang retained its live-axle rear end. Reshaped and refined in 1999, the Mustang drove on and on until it had outlived the Chevrolet Camaro and Pontiac Firebird—both of which ended production in 2002—and until a new Mustang was ready for the 2005 model year.
With the 2005-2009 Mustang, Ford finally exorcised the Mustang's reputation for clumsy live-axle handling and dated structural engineering. The new car proved tight and well-built, not to mention great-looking, an ideal blend of modern and heritage styling themes. With revamped 6- and 8-cylinder engines, new automatic and manual transmissions, a new convertible model, and Shelby and Bullitt editions along the way, this Mustang sold hundreds of thousands of copies each year while competitors like the Nissan 370Z and Hyundai Genesis Coupe emerged from their respective drawing boards.
For 2010, Ford carried over most of the Mustang's mechanicals, while smoothing its sheet metal with a more forward-canted grille and by installing a much better interior. In 2011, the Mustang received new powertrains—with the V-6 earning a 31-mpg highway fuel economy rating, and the V-8 bringing back the "5.0" badge, along with 412 hp. Supercharged Shelby GT500 editions of this V-8 represented the most powerful Mustangs of this generation, but a special racing edition brought back the Boss 302 designation—and charged ahead with a 444-hp, normally aspirated 5.0-liter V-8, less curb weight, and a TracKey package that let drivers dial up performance on closed circuits.
The Mustang carried over into 2011 and 2012 with only minor changes, but the 2013 model year brought some more modern details to the Mustang's look—including HID headlights, flanked by two strips of LED lighting, plus LED lights with a dark-tinted look, as well as a blacked-out area in between. Inside, the Mustang got a new TrackApps feature that times acceleration or quarter-mile times. The electric power steering also gained three-stage, driver-configurable settings. Powertrains along with most else were carried over, although the V-8 was boosted to 420 hp. Also new for 2013 was an even more potent version of the Shelby GT500—packing a 662-hp, supercharged 5.8-liter V-8, in coupe and convertible forms, with the hardtop capable of a claimed 200-mph top speed.