The Car Connection BMW M5 Overview
The BMW M5 is a high-powered luxury mid-size sedan that started a revolution.
Part of the BMW lineup since 1985, the M5 has evolved from a lightly upgraded mid-size sedan, to its current form—a 600-horsepower monster than can out-corner and out-accelerate some supercars.
MORE: Read our 2019 BMW M5 review
New for 2018, the M5 competes against rivals like the Mercedes-AMG E63, Cadillac CTS-V, Lexus GS F, Audi S6 and should it come, the RS 6. For 2019, BMW added an M5 Competition model that boosts power—and its bottom line.
The new BMW M5
The 2018 redesign, dubbed F90 is based on the new BMW 5-Series sedan. For the first time, the M5 features an all-wheel-drive system, called M xDrive, that can be disengaged for performance driving or for shredding tires. Output jumps by 40 horsepower and torque is up by 53 pound-feet to 553 lb-ft. An 8-speed automatic replaces both the 7-speed dual-clutch transmission and the 6-speed manual. The jump in output and the traction of all-wheel drive drop the 0-60 mph time to a scant 3.2 seconds, besting the previous generation by almost a full second. The top speed is 189 mph with the M Driver's package.
BMW's new structure employs more aluminum and uses carbon fiber for the roof for the first time. The hood and fenders are also aluminum. The suspension features dual wishbones up front and a five-link independent rear, with adaptive dampers at all four corners. An electronically controlled limited-slip differential helps the car hook up when exiting corners.
Inside, the M5 is sporty, luxurious, and spacious, with 20-way power-adjustable seats up front and two-passenger seating in the rear. High-quality materials mark it as a luxury car, while an M-specific head-up display and gauges add to the performance character. It's loaded, too, with such amenities as gesture control, navigation, automatic climate control, satellite radio, a Harmon Kardon surround sound audio system, and a power trunklid. As usual, BMW offers plenty of options. Performance enthusiasts will want the carbon ceramic brakes, while luxury-minded buyers will prefer the Executive package and its ventilated and massaging front seats, wi-fi hotspot, automatic parking, wireless cell phone charging, and four-zone automatic climate control.
Standard safety equipment consists of forward-collision warnings with automatic emergency braking, blind-spot monitors, lane-departure warning, and front and rear parking sensors. BMW offers safety options, too, but the M5 hasn't been crash tested.
BMW M5 history
The M5's story began in 1980 with a car wearing a different badge, the M535i. As the official motorsport version of the 5-Series at the time, the E12 M535i was considered the first full production car released by the BMW Motorsport division. This 3.5-liter, 215-hp sport sedan offered Recaro seats, a limited-slip differential, larger brakes, and other performance enhancements.
The first vehicle to be badged an M5 was the E28-generation model introduced in 1985 and sold until 1988. Only 2,200 of them were made, about 1,300 of which were brought to the U.S., but the car still managed to start a legacy for itself and the M brand. Power came from a version of the inline-6 that powered the M1 supercar, packing 256 hp in the U.S. version. European cars had about 26 hp more due to less-restrictive exhaust; they were not required to have the catalytic converters that choked cars that came here.
The E34 M5, built from 1989 to 1995 (but sold in the U.S. only during the 1991-1993 model years), truly established BMW's reputation in the sport sedan world, however. Over 12,000 units were sold worldwide and the car set a new benchmark for performance and luxury in its era. Again, power for U.S. models was reduced in comparison to its European cousins, but less markedly; U.S. E34 M5s were rated at 307 hp, a loss of just 4 hp compared to the freer-flowing models in the Old World. This generation also saw the first station wagon to wear an M badge, the M5 Touring, introduced in 1992, although none were brought here. In U.S. trim, the M5 was good for 0-60 mph in about 6.4 seconds and an electronically limited top speed of 155 mph.
As the M5 evolved, it grew not only larger and more powerful, but also more high-tech. Among the equipment featured on the car during its model run was front and rear Park Distance Control, a wireless car phone, solar-sensing automatic climate control, and DVD-based navigation. The E39 M5, built from 1998-2003, sported an S62 V-8 engine rated at 394 hp, fitted to a Getrag 6-speed manual transmission. Unlike the E28 and E34 before it, however, the E39 M5 was no longer hand-built by the M Division, but based on a series-produced chassis with modifications from M. The changes included lower, stiffer springs; revalved dampers; a limited-slip differential; quicker steering; stiffer anti-roll bars, and other performance upgrades. This M5 was even quicker than the last, despite its increased size, hitting 60 mph in just 4.8 seconds, but still topping out at the same electronically limited 155 mph. A Touring model was also built for this generation, sharing its equipment with the sedan.
In 2005, a new M5 joined the fold, and this was the largest and most high-tech yet. With the world's first production V-10 engine in a sedan, the E60 M5 produced a sound unlike anything else, and quickly won fans around the world. Rated at 500 hp and paired with either a 6-speed manual or a 7-speed Getrag SMG III single-clutch, semi-automatic transmission. The SMG transmission was often maligned for its jerky operation, but for its time, it was an innovative addition to a relatively affordable performance sedan, with features like launch control, paddle shifters, downshift rev-matching, and 65-millisecond shift times. The 6-speed manual was introduced largely to meet American demand, and while slower in acceleration tests, offered greater driver engagement. A Touring version was built for European markets, but was never officially sold in North America. Top speed was once again limited to 155 mph (later 170 mph), though unrestrained models could hit speeds in excess of 200 mph.
The F10 generation began its life in the U.S. in 2012 as a 2013 model. Reducing the cylinder count for the first time in the M5's history, the F10 M5 returned to a V-8 configuration, but added a pair of turbochargers.
The result was a monstrous 560 horsepower, enabling 4.4-second 0-60 mph runs and a top speed of 190 mph with the M Driver's Package (electronically limited to 155 mph otherwise). This performance, despite its nearly 4,300-pound curb weight, placed the M5 sedan among the highest-performance sedans in the world, regardless of price. A new M DCT 7-speed dual-clutch transmission was the only offering at launch, bringing with it launch control and paddle shifters once again.
In 2013, BMW added a 6-speed manual offering to the car at the North American International Auto Show—again to service American demand. No M5 Touring model was offered, though Europeans did get the option of a diesel-powered M Performance model called the M550d xDrive Touring.
For the 2014 model year, BMW added a new Competition Package that increased the output to 575 hp, as well as enhancing the suspension with new coil springs, damper calibrations, and anti-roll bars. The electronic stability control system was remapped for higher thresholds before intervention, and the exterior of Competition Package models received black-tipped exhaust outlets, and unique 20-inch alloy wheels. Updates across the line for 2014 included available LED headlights, revised taillights, and an updated kidney grille; interior tweaks included a new M Sport steering wheel, updates to the iDrive system, and minor trim updates.
For 2015, BMW celebrated three decades of the M5 with a 30th Anniversary edition. This limited-release car—only 30 were to be sold in the U.S.—included everything from the Competition Package and added a 600-hp version of the twin-turbo V-8 engine, as well as matte gray paint, black wheels, black chrome detailing, and a slew of 30 Jahre M5 logos scattered around the exterior and interior.
The M5 carried over into 2016 with only very minor changes. It skipped the 2017 model year, in advance of the new 2018 model.