The subject is generally grouped into two areas: active safety and passive safety. Active safety refers to features or attributes that might allow you to avoid an accident; passive safety refers to features or attributes that help protect occupants during (or right after) a crash.
In the scope of automotive history, the focus on safety is a relatively recent one. Fifty years ago, relatively minor accidents could leave occupants mortally wounded; and even a decade ago, occupant safety wasn’t nearly the priority that it is for today’s new-car shoppers.
In the U.S., crash-test programs have driven occupant protection rapidly since the 1990s. While the federal New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) has overseen crash-testing of vehicles since 1979, the insurance-funded Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) has also been crucial. It began crash-testing and rating new vehicles in 1995. Since then it’s added side impact, rear impact (seat), and roof strength tests, as well as a new small-overlap frontal test. In order to provide more useful information for shoppers, the NCAP tests and ratings were revised in 2010.
Frontal-impact occupant airbags were first introduced in the 1970s, but they didn’t become widely offered in luxury cars until the 1980s and most mass-market models until the 1990s (they were required by 1998). Side-impact airbags were introduced in luxury cars in the 1990s, then made it into most mass-market models by the middle of this past decade; they were required by 2009, with a later phase-in of head-protecting airbags.
Electronic stability control has been another critical life-saving feature—especially in reducing the number of rollover-related fatalities. And in more recent years, a host of active technologies—ranging from lane-departure systems to blind-spot systems to those that help warn if you’re drowsy—have added to driver safety. Some even help brake the vehicle or nudge it back on course.
In this age of more rakish designs—and with a much wider range of vehicle sizes, shapes, and packages than in the past—outward visibility has become an important issue. In some vehicles, camera systems help make up for this in parking, although visibility still might make lane changes more difficult. Additionally, the way in which a vehicle steers, brakes, and even accelerates can play a role in safety, as well as how it rides over certain road surfaces.
Driver distraction remains one of the top safety issues of the day, which has led to much debate over whether advanced vehicle interfaces that allow easier, integrated hands-free communication increase or decrease overall safety.
In the future, so-called driverless car projects could permit enhanced safety by essentially automating the act of driving while in gridlock or on a commute.
By now, most of the auto world's 2014 models have rolled into showrooms. They've also made appearances on test tracks and crash sets so that various entities can evaluate... read more December 19, 2013 by Richard Read
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Honda is recalling certain 2014 Acura MDX sport-utility vehicles equipped with all-wheel drive, for a potential problem involving loose bolts. A notice on the National... read more December 16, 2013 by Suzanne Kane
The 2014 Infiniti Q50 sports sedan has garnered another important accolade: a five-star overall safety rating from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)... read more December 14, 2013 by Suzanne Kane
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The 2014 Ghibli is the first Maserati ever to be run through one of the major U.S. crash-test systems. And now in its first set of tests—from the Insurance Institute... read more November 26, 2013 by Bengt Halvorson
Over the summer, Tesla tried to create a new safety ratings system for its Model S sedan. In case you missed it, the automaker issued a press release that said: NHTSA does... read more November 21, 2013 by Richard Read
As of 2014, the Volvo XC90 crossover has been on the market for a dozen years; and its structure hasn't seen any extensive reengineering during that time. Yet the 2014 Volvo... read more November 6, 2013 by Bengt Halvorson
Both the 2014 Subaru Impreza and the 2014 Subaru XV Crosstrek have earned the top nod from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS). The new results apply to both... read more November 6, 2013 by Bengt Halvorson
Honda is recalling certain 2007 and 2008 Odyssey minivans for a problem that may result in unexpected braking. A notice on the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration... read more November 4, 2013 by Suzanne Kane
The 2014 Acura MDX three-row crossover and 2014 Acura RDX compact crossover have been awarded a five-star overall crash test rating—the top overall score—from the... read more October 26, 2013 by Suzanne Kane
Toyota is recalling several conventional and hybrid vehicles from the 2013 and 2014 model years. The official list includes the 2013-2014 Camry and Camry Hybrid; the 2013... read more October 14, 2013 by Richard Read
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) has awarded the 2014 Mercedes M-Class mid-size luxury SUV the highest designation of Top Safety Pick+. The Mercedes M-Class... read more October 8, 2013 by Suzanne Kane
The all-new 2014 Toyota Corolla manages to transcend its econo-car roots to some degree—giving us a number of reasons (like a better feature set and much-improved... read more October 4, 2013 by Bengt Halvorson
The EyeSight system that's offered in the new 2014 Subaru Outback and Legacy might entirely keep you, in a moment of inattention, from rear-ending another car. In a new... read more September 26, 2013 by Bengt Halvorson