The subject is generally grouped into two areas: active safety and passive safety. Active safety refers to features or attributes that might allow you to avoid an accident; passive safety refers to features or attributes that help protect occupants during (or right after) a crash.
In the scope of automotive history, the focus on safety is a relatively recent one. Fifty years ago, relatively minor accidents could leave occupants mortally wounded; and even a decade ago, occupant safety wasn’t nearly the priority that it is for today’s new-car shoppers.
In the U.S., crash-test programs have driven occupant protection rapidly since the 1990s. While the federal New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) has overseen crash-testing of vehicles since 1979, the insurance-funded Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) has also been crucial. It began crash-testing and rating new vehicles in 1995. Since then it’s added side impact, rear impact (seat), and roof strength tests, as well as a new small-overlap frontal test. In order to provide more useful information for shoppers, the NCAP tests and ratings were revised in 2010.
Frontal-impact occupant airbags were first introduced in the 1970s, but they didn’t become widely offered in luxury cars until the 1980s and most mass-market models until the 1990s (they were required by 1998). Side-impact airbags were introduced in luxury cars in the 1990s, then made it into most mass-market models by the middle of this past decade; they were required by 2009, with a later phase-in of head-protecting airbags.
Electronic stability control has been another critical life-saving feature—especially in reducing the number of rollover-related fatalities. And in more recent years, a host of active technologies—ranging from lane-departure systems to blind-spot systems to those that help warn if you’re drowsy—have added to driver safety. Some even help brake the vehicle or nudge it back on course.
In this age of more rakish designs—and with a much wider range of vehicle sizes, shapes, and packages than in the past—outward visibility has become an important issue. In some vehicles, camera systems help make up for this in parking, although visibility still might make lane changes more difficult. Additionally, the way in which a vehicle steers, brakes, and even accelerates can play a role in safety, as well as how it rides over certain road surfaces.
Driver distraction remains one of the top safety issues of the day, which has led to much debate over whether advanced vehicle interfaces that allow easier, integrated hands-free communication increase or decrease overall safety.
In the future, so-called driverless car projects could permit enhanced safety by essentially automating the act of driving while in gridlock or on a commute.
Nissan has unveiled a lot of new technologies over the past week, including its "Emergency Assist for Pedal Misapplication" and "Autonomous Emergency Steering System". Now... read more October 18, 2012 by Richard Read 2
Nissan has been on a high-tech run the past several days. On Friday, the automaker announced its "Emergency Assist for Pedal Misapplication" system, which can apply the... read more October 17, 2012 by Richard Read
The 2013 Lexus ES and GS luxury sedans may have a defective emergency interior trunk release that could be a trap risk for trunk occupants, according to Consumer Reports. The... read more October 15, 2012 by Suzanne Kane
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has begun a preliminary investigation into certain 2005 model year Honda Pilot SUVs for potential braking and... read more October 15, 2012 by Suzanne Kane
Just days after the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) opened a preliminary investigation into alleged shattering sunroofs in the 2012 Hyundai Veloster... read more October 15, 2012 by Suzanne Kane
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) issued a consumer safety advisory this week, warning of the “extreme safety risk” posed by counterfeit... read more October 12, 2012 by Suzanne Kane
As we mentioned yesterday, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has issued an alert to U.S. car owners, warning them that their car could be carrying... read more October 12, 2012 by Richard Read 4
You've probably heard of "Brake Assist", the in-car technology that automatically slows a vehicle when the onboard computer senses that a collision is imminent. You've... read more October 12, 2012 by Richard Read 2
Toyota is conducting a voluntary safety recall involving some 2.5 million vehicles in the U.S. to fix a faulty power-window switch that could melt and lead to a fire... read more October 10, 2012 by Suzanne Kane
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has opened a preliminary investigation into reports alleging that the panoramic sunroofs on certain 2012 model year... read more October 10, 2012 by Suzanne Kane
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has opened a preliminary investigation into alleged ignition interlock failures involving 577,100 Honda Odyssey... read more October 10, 2012 by Suzanne Kane
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) has just designated four 2013 models as Top Safety Picks. Included are the 2013 Dodge Dart compact sedan, Subaru XV... read more October 4, 2012 by Suzanne Kane
Honda is expanding a May 2012 recall of the Accord V-6 to include an additional 572,000 vehicles. The additional vehicles include some from the 2003 to 2007 model years... read more October 2, 2012 by Suzanne Kane 1
Nissan is conducting a voluntary safety recall of certain 2012 model year Frontier, Pathfinder and Xterra two-wheel-drive vehicles for an issue with front-wheel hubs. A... read more October 2, 2012 by Suzanne Kane
No matter how many years you’ve been driving, you’ve likely encountered situations where you need to make a decision about what to do at a yellow light. Depending... read more September 25, 2012 by Suzanne Kane 4