2013 Ford EscapeEnlarge Photo
While that part should come as no surprise, it might be counterintuitive to learn that your chances this past year of getting one of those letters were much higher with two of the mass-market brands with the most pristine reputation for dependability—Honda and Toyota.
Beyond their standing as evergreen reliability champs in Consumer Reports metrics, Toyota and Honda are at the top of the latest 2013 J.D. Power Vehicle Dependability Study, released this past week. And Harris Interactive recently found Toyota, Ford, and Honda to be this year's top-rated auto companies in terms of reputation.
Yet those happen to be among the automakers with some of this past year's largest, highest-profile safety-recall efforts—especially those affecting used cars. Toyota and Honda topped the industry in number of vehicles recalled during 2012, with Toyota issuing recalls for 5,330,643 vehicles and Honda at 3,363,343 vehicles. GM was third in terms of vehicles recalled (1,476,319), and most visible, perhaps, because of its multiple recalls on the Chevrolet Cruze. Ford made waves with by far the highest number of individual recalls (24)—including several on its all-new 2013 Escape, which hit the market last spring—but it recalled a total of 1,398,837 vehicles in 2012.
But chew on this for a moment: Even industry-wide there were more vehicles recalled in 2012 than new vehicles sold. From 586 new recalls issued, that's about 16.2 million vehicles recalled—slightly more than the 15.5 million of 2011, but less than 2009 and 2010, when total recall numbers were affected by the massive Toyota and Lexus recalls. And it's a far cry from 2004's total of 30.8 million.
During this period (ranging back three years) when recalls have remained high, that latest J.D Power dependability study showed problems per 100 vehicles declining—to a record low. And curiously, some of the newest models are the least trouble-free.
Link between recalls and reliability? Not in most cases.
To the point, recalls really have nothing to do with vehicle reliability, durability, or even how trouble-free that family car or crossover might be in the long run; and there's no need to leave a model that's been recalled off the list when used-car shopping. And in some cases, recalls are a good sign, the result of a manufacturer being proactive, and fixing an important issue that could prove safety related but may never affect the owner or vehicle.
That's the case for Honda, which announced several major product recalls in 2012 that weren't related to late-model vehicles but those reaching back ten years or more—like a recall of 1,375,217 older Honda Civic and Honda Pilot models for an issue that might affect their headlights.
Some of Honda's recalls this year—the headlight recall, for instance—affect vehicles produced at a time when production was expanding rapidly, explained spokesman Chris Martin. “Our knowledge and experience have helped us to better understand how to avoid many of those concerns in the future.”
Martin also points out that a higher percentage of Honda and Acura vehicles remain in use for a longer time, than for nearly all competing brands. And that over the long run will involve a higher number of recalled vehicles than some other brands.
“First of all with a recall, we're concerned that it's fixed and fixed right,” said NADA chairman, Bill Underriner, the owner of a Honda dealership, among multiple franchises, in Billings Montana. “Most are an insignificant deal, with a small part, and take very little time,” yet could make a difference for safety, he said.
They could build loyalty, though...
The collection of recalls on the Cruze and the Escape are a couple of the higher-profile recall blunders of the year; but there's little or no evidence that shoppers are going to steer clear of Chevy or Ford because of it.
An owner might actually feel more loyal to a brand if it's handled its recalls particularly well.
Toyota's massive recall efforts of the past several years are evidence of that. In 2010, the industry-intelligence firm R.L. Polk observed a momentary drop in customer loyalty at the peak of the recall effort (from November 2009 to February 2010), but it noted that this downward trend was short-lived.
And then Polk found something even more interesting: That loyalty to the brand was on the rebound, loyalty among owners of recalled vehicles increased more than for those owning other Toyota vehicles.
Especially at the dealership, this highlights a belief that a recall isn't always a bad thing. For dealerships, it can be positive cashflow, as automakers do pay for the repair. And it brings customers with aging vehicles—those who might not yet be shopping for a vehicle but might be soon—back into the showroom, perhaps increasing the chances that they might consider the brand.
“At the least, it's an opportunity to talk to the customer,” notes Underriner. “And depending on the make and model, there could be an opportunity to sell the customer on a new car.”
That said, Underriner sees no evidence that recalls boost sales or negatively affect them, ultimately, on a brand or model basis.
By most assessments afterward, Toyota's 2009-2010 recall effort didn't much affect its sales trajectory in the long run. Polk, among analysts, agreed that Toyota had built up more of a “bank” of goodwill than most automakers.
Toyota Prius Recall letter
Toyota Prius Recall letterEnlarge Photo
Like Honda, Toyota issued a lot of recalls for older vehicles in 2012—including one affecting the steering in nearly all 2004 through 2009 Toyota Prius models. “In 2010, Toyota committed to be more responsive to its customers and regulators,” stated Toyota safety spokesman Brian Lyons, when asked about the company's recall trends. “The recent pace of our recalls is a demonstration of that commitment.”
To single out some vehicles most affected by recalls in 2012, we first limited our list to recalls announced in 2012, then looked first for the models (including model year) potentially affected by the highest number of separate recalls. We first included the models affected by more than two separate recalls announced in 2012, then added several of the vehicles affected in highest volume by two different recalls.
For more information on any of these, consult the federal traffic-safety hotline at 888-327-4236, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration search tool, or the individual manufacturers. And if your car is affected, get it fixed but don't think less of it.
Click through to see our vehicles most affected by recalls in 2012.