If you've spent much time around Ford guys, you'll likely hear the adjectives "Windsor" and "Cleveland" tossed around when discussing what's under somebody's hood. To mark the reopening of Ford's Cleveland Engine Plant, this story gives you a top-level history level on the two historic V-8s, but not before noting the importance of the plant's coming back on-line.
Ford and the UAW recently announced the reopening of Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1. The plant will be producing the new twin-turbo 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 that we wrote about last week (see stories on tech details, and find driving impressions for the 2010 Lincoln MKS and Lincoln MKT). The plant employs 250 in Brook Park, Ohio (just outside of Cleveland).
The the 3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 will reside in the aforementioned Lincolns plus the 2010 Ford Taurus SHO and the Flex. The plant has been idle since 2007, but Ford has invested $55 million in the 58-year-old facility to create a flexible manufacturing system for powertrains. The plant's new flexible manufacturing capabilities also mean that it might produce other members of the EcoBoost family in the future.
Now back to the history lesson: The Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1 has a storied history of building famous Ford engines. The engine known as the "Cleveland" was introduced in 1969 as Ford's new performance car engine and was built through the end of the 1974 model year. It incorporated elements learned on the 385 big-block series and the Boss 302, particularly the poly-angle combustion chambers with canted valves and the thin-wall casting technology.
Now on to the Windsor V-8. First produced in Ford's Windsor, Ontario, Canada plant in 1962, the name for the small-block stuck, even though the design was manufactured in other plants, including Clevland Engine Plant No. 1. The Windsor design lives on today as in marine and crate motor applications, but most will remember the years of Windsor dominance as the 5.0-liter V-8 in Fox-platform Mustangs. The engine is appreciated for its compact size and high power density.