Toyota Tacoma History
2012 Toyota Tacoma TRD T/X Baja Series PackageEnlarge Photo
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The Toyota Tacoma is one of very few remaining mid-size trucks on the market. With ample cargo space, off-road prowess and towing capabilities, it competes primarily with the Nissan Frontier, at least until the Chevrolet Colorado and GMC Canyon replacements arrive around 2014.
See our full review of the 2013 Toyota Tacoma for pricing with options, gas mileage ratings, and specifications.
The Tacoma was new in 1995, and since then it's maintained a loyal set of owners by offering different body styles, powertrains, and especially, a few special editions targeted at off-roaders.
The first Tacoma generation ran from 1995 to 2004, powered by a 2.4-liter four-cylinder, a 2.7-liter four-cylinder, or a 3.4-liter V-6, rated between 142 and 190 horsepower. Even the first year offered both two-wheel and four-wheel drive, with a choice of single, or extended cabs, and short or long beds. Over its nine-year run, the first-generation Tacoma saw a number of special editions and limited-run packages with a few cosmetic updates as well.
The current Tacoma arrived in the 2005 model year. It comes a wide variety of configurations: Regular Cab, Access Cab, Double Cab and X-Runner models. All three are available with either short or long beds, and two- or four-wheel drive, in a range of trims and equipment levels. The two engines are a 159-horsepower 2.7-liter four-cylinder engine, and a 236-hp 4.0-liter V-6. Since its launch, towing capacity has rise from 5,000 pounds to today 6,500 pounds in the suitably equipped V-6 model.
The base regular cab truck can be ordered with minimal features, but offers a choice of four-speed automatic or five-speed manual transmissions. Above the standard trim is the PreRunner specification, which adds several off-road-friendly features, including overfenders, skid plates, mudguards and upgraded wheels and tires. Inside, the trucks upgrade along cab sizes, with the larger models adding more luxurious seating, more folding seat arrangements, and more power accessories. The range-topping Double Cab models add rear-seat amenities including cupholders, heating ducts, and a 60/40 split-folding rear bench seat.
The X-Runner is a special high-performance version of the Tacoma, offering stiffer suspension, larger alloy wheels and summer tires for better on-road performance, as well as a body treatment to match. Optional upgrades available on various models include a six-disc in-dash MP3-capable stereo system, and a convenience package including power mirrors, remote keyless entry system, cruise control, sliding rear window with privacy glass, and steering wheel-mounted audio controls.
In recent model years, Toyota has added more off-road-oriented options with T|X and T|X Pro packages in addition to the PreRunner, X-Runner, and TRD Off-Road Package. Also, for the 2012 model year, Toyota expanded the number of four-cylinder Tacoma models and gave these trucks a light refresh, with a somewhat different grille, and less brightwork inside. The orange interior lighting was replaced with blue, and a new standard sound system included six speakers, Bluetooth hands-free capability, and a USB/iPod port.
Also added for 2012 were an available navigation system with real-time traffic and weather, accompanied by a new premium system with HD Radio and Bluetooth audio streaming.
No changes were made to the Tacoma for the 2013 model year.