New & Used Nissan Maxima: In Depth
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The Maxima has been a staple in the Nissan lineup since the Datsun days. It was originally a sporty rear-drive four-door, then took up the "four-door sports car" title for the brand, and has now settled into a role as the larger, more luxurious alternative to the Altima family sedan. Although it somewhat defies categorization, today's Maxima is best suited to compete with entry-luxury cars like the Acura TLX, Buick LaCrosse, and Lincoln MKZ.
Formerly sourced from Japan, the Nissan Maxima is now built alongside the mechanically similar Nissan Altima at the company's sprawling Smyrna, Tennessee, assembly plant.
The Maxima has been on the U.S. market for more than 30 years. Now in its eighth generation, it remains at the top of the Nissan sedan lineup, as it has been since the company switched its name from Datsun to Nissan.
From 1976 to 1980, the Datsun 810 preceded the Maxima in all but name in the U.S., with an in-line six-cylinder engine and rear-wheel drive. The second generation (1981-1984) maintained the same specs, but adopted the Maxima badge worldwide and midway through its life cycle switched to the Nissan nameplate.
For the latest information, including specs and related news, see our 2014 Nissan Maxima review.
The third-generation Maxima, which was on sale from 1985 through 1988, brought about big changes for the model. The layout switched to front-wheel drive, while the styling adopted a very square design theme. The Maxima was further differentiated from the smaller Stanza with high-tech gear like a sonar-based adaptive suspension that could read the road and adjust the dampers accordingly. The third-gen Maxima came with a 3.0-liter V-6 and either a manual or automatic transmission. This was also the last generation to be available as a wagon.
The "four-door sports car" era of the Maxima began with the fourth-generation model, which was sold from 1989 through 1994. This version of the sedan regularly won multi-car comparison tests thanks to nimble handling from an independent suspension, and a V-6 engine shared with 300ZX sports car. An SE edition tightened handling even more, and added touches like white-faced gauges to distinguish it from base versions. The same fundamentals were reworked for the 1995–1999 Maxima, but the styling was softened and the rear suspension was made simpler, revoking some of its sporty credentials, though it still was offered with a manual transmission. The latter fifth-generation Maxima was sold, with some trim changes, as the Infiniti I30. In the sixth generation, the body was redesigned again and in due course, it gained a new 3.5-liter V-6 with 255 horsepower, as well as a six-speed manual option.
Dramatic change came to the Maxima in the two most recent generations. The seventh-generation car, sold from 2004 through 2008, kicked off production in the U.S. Styling was rebooted to match the performance of its 265-hp V-6 and manual transmission, but it did have some controversial graphic notes, mostly on its eggcrate grille. This Maxima shared its architecture with the Nissan Altima, which had grown to the size of the Maxima in most interior dimensions. A mid-cycle refresh in 2007 left the Maxima without its manual transmission option, while Nissan fitted a new continuously variable transmission (CVT) in place of a torque-converter automatic. Front-end styling grew more conventional, and the Maxima piled on luxury features like pushbutton start and a distinct interior.
Today's Maxima was introduced as a 2009 model. The muscular styling has been more successful at distinguishing it from the Altima, and the interior design has its own cues, too--there's an unusual low cowl, with a band of trim outlining the base of the windshield. The Maxima's new 290-hp, 3.5-liter V-6 offers extremely smooth acceleration, and while it's no manual, the CVT provides a sport mode and good fuel economy of 19/26 mpg. The Maxima still has one of the sportiest suspension calibrations for a front-wheel-drive sedan, and a firm yet supple ride, allowing good handling response without sacrificing comfort. It's roomy in front, but the back seat can feel tight, especially compared with the Altima.
The current Maxima's crash ratings have fallen some as testing standards have been added and made tougher while the model has remained largely unchanged. The usual safety features are present, including front side and curtain airbags, active head restraints, anti-lock brakes, and stability control. Standard items also include steering-wheel audio controls, Bluetooth connectivity, dual-zone climate control, proximity key with pushbutton start, and a power moonroof.
This eighth-generation Maxima has seen very few changes over the past several years. The 2010 model year brought a new Sport package with a sportier suspension tune, 19-inch wheels, paddle shifters for the transmission, unique front seats, and some other changes. A Special Edition package launched for 2012 included a rear spoiler, smoked lighting lenses, unique silver wheels, and other aesthetic tweaks along with HID headlights.
Nissan is extending the 2014 model year for the Maxima, and skipping the 2015 model year as it prepares for a new sedan to take over the name in its lineup. The brand showed a Maxima concept sedan at the 2014 Detroit auto show, and is reaching into its past to rekindle the Maxima's sporty reputation by restoring a 1996 sedan it bought on Craigslist.
Nissan used an unorthodox method to reveal the next Maxima, due for 2016, by featuring it at the end of its 2015 Super Bowl commercial. The new model has a much more sleek design—it's fronted by a version of the new corporate grille, the A-pillar is blacked out, and the roof appears somewhat cantilevered as an homage to the GT-R supercar. The Maxima once again promises a return to its 4-Door Sports Car roots. Nissan will share more information at the car's public unveiling at the New York auto show.