Jeep Grand Cherokee History
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The Jeep Grand Cherokee is a mid-size five-passenge SUV with true off-road capability. For 2013, it's offered as a diesel model, too. It competes on more than one playing field, ranging from other off-roaders like the Toyota 4Runner and Ford Explorer to more luxurious models like the BMW X5 and Mercedes-Benz M-Class.
Read our 2014 Jeep Grand Cherokee review for prices with options, specifications, and fuel economy ratings
The Grand Cherokee's also one of the vehicles that spawned the SUV gold rush in the 1990s; it and the Ford Explorer drew a generation of drivers out of sedans and into big, tall wagons, for better and for worse. It's still one of the best sellers today, and though a handful of other SUVs combine toughness and luxury ambiance, almost none of them do it at the Grand Cherokee's price point.
Back then, and still today, the Jeep Grand Cherokee is a very off-road-capable luxury sport-utility vehicle, offering rather chunky, rugged styling, along with enough family-friendly practicality inside.The first-generation Grand Cherokee (termed ZJ by the company and off-road enthusiasts) wasn't an exceptional on-road performer by any measure, but they moved just fine with the long-running and torquey 4.0-liter in-line six-cylinder engine (of AMC origins). The 5.2-liter or 5.9-liter V-8 engines were definitely the choice for those who towed, and the larger 5.9 Limited felt like an all-out muscle truck. During some of this time, the most luxurious versions of the Grand Cherokee were badged Grand Wagoneer, and included a specially trimmed, leather-lined cabin and a wood-paneled look.
Second-generation Grand Cherokee models got a somewhat softer, more rounded appearance, along with an even more luxurious interior, a new five-speed automatic transmission, and a new hydraulic pressure-based Quadra-Drive four-wheel-drive system, though it could also be had with either rear-wheel drive or a more rudimentary 4WD system. Engines offerings remained about the same, though V-8 models were increasingly potent.
The Grand Cherokee was again substantially redesigned for 2005. This time, Jeep threw out the old in-line six, replacing it with an also-dated 3.7-liter V-6, but all-new 5.7-liter and 6.1-liter HEMI V-8 engines joined the range. While the V-8s brought brisk acceleration and plenty of muscle for towing, this generation was widely panned by critics as being a step back in what mattered to much of the Grand's buyer base; most notably, it felt a bit tighter, seating-wise, than the previous generation.
For a short time, Jeep also offered a 3.0 CRD turbo-diesel version of the third-gen Grand Cherokee; it performed well and was quite fuel-efficient, but emissions and slow sales forced an early demise.
In all of its existence through the '90s and '00s, the Grand Cherokee was lacking several things that were increasingly required by suburban families: More precise, carlike handling; a better on-road ride; and top-notch safety. But over the past decade especially its rugged image and Rubicon capability were no longer enough; its sloppy steering and choppy-yet-boundy ride were, in fact, deal-breakers to many, and families moved over to other luxury-brand SUVs that didn't cost much more.
That was finally remedied with the all-new 2011 Jeep Grand Cherokee introduced in 2010. Now, the Grand Cherokee is quite possibly the best product to emerge from the (now divorced) marriage between Chrysler and Mercedes-Benz (Daimler). With underpinnings very closely related to those in the 2012 Mercedes-Benz M-Class, the new Grand Cherokee has the level of chassis sophistication that it always needed—including impressive poise on twisty roads and a precise, well-weighted steering feel.
As before, the 2011 Grand Cherokee was as extreme as you wanted it to be—with the top Quadra Drive system sophisticated enough for either negotiating slippery rocks and mud or mindfully gripping with the right wheel in your snow-drift-buried driveway. And even better, Jeep has also introduced a Range Rover-like Selec-Terrain system that simplifies getting through the tough stuff, with an Auto mode plus separate ones for sand/mud, snow, and rock.
With its modern and more refined 3.6-liter Pentastar V-6, in addition to returning HEMI V-8s, the new Grand Cherokee is also bit more fuel efficient in its base form, while tow ratings for the V-8 model range up to 7,400 pounds.
Beginning with the 2006 Grand Cherokee SRT8, Jeep showed that it could appeal to go-fast on-road enthusiasts, too. The performance model packed a 420-hp, 6.1-liter HEMI, a sport-tuned suspension, and a host of upgrades, and this model could not only do modest off-roading but also get to Autobahn speeds and reach 60 mph in well under five seconds. The SRT8 returned for 2012, with a 465-hp, 6.4-liter HEMI fitted to the much-improved, new-generation Grand Cherokee.
The Grand Cherokee has always been ahead of its time with respect to features. Back in its first-gen version the Grand Cherokee offered features like steering-wheel audio controls, plush leather upholstery, heated seats, and keyless entry. The newest models can be had with extensive entertainment and information extras like Uconnect Web (to turn the vehicle into a wireless hotspot).In 2013, a rugged new Trailhawk version of the Grand Cherokee joined the lineup. The Grand Cherokee Trailhawk includes off-road-specific hardware such as 18-inch off-road tires; an air suspension; off-road-tuned traction control; its own badging and black and red accents; and black suede and leather seats.
With the 2014 Jeep Grand Cherokee that was first revealed at the 2013 Detroit Auto Show, the nameplate gets a significant refresh, with a new eight-speed automatic transmission now standard throughout the lineup. Brand-new for the model year is a 3.0-liter EcoDiesel V-6 that achieves an excellent 30 mpg on the highway. Towing capacities have been boosted and now range up to 7,400 pounds for the V-8 and diesel. SRT models (no longer SRT8) get a new Launch Control feature, as well as a Track Mode that sends 70 percent of torque by default to the rear wheels for high-performance driving.
All models in the 2014 Grand Cherokee lineup get a new shorter grille, slimmer taillights, and new LED rear lamps that follow the shape of the headlamps. New active-safety features include Forward Collision Alert with Crash Mitigation, and a new 19-speaker, 825-watt Harman Kardon surround-sound audio system highlights a set of revised infotainment features.