Chevrolet Corvette History
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The Chevrolet Corvette is a two-seat sportscar offered in coupe and convertible, with one of the most recognizable names in the automotive business. It has been redesigned for the 2014 model year, and the newest version, which is called the Stingray like Corvettes of yore, promises epic performance with its 0-60 mph time of 4.0 seconds.See our 2014 Chevy Corvette preview for all the latest on the new Stingray and convertible
The Chevy Corvette started its legendary run in 1953 and has seen 57 years of continuous production in Flint, Michigan, St. Louis, Missouri and most recently in Bowling Green, Kentucky. Over the years it has constantly evolved to lead performance and value, with occasional lows and numerous highs along the way. Though it has little domestic competition, cars as disparate as the Dodge Viper, Porsche Boxster and 911, and the Nissan GT-R and 370Z can be considered rivals in terms of performance and/or price.
Current versions of the 2013 Corvette are priced from $48,000 to $56,000, for the standard Coupe and Convertible, rising quickly from $58,000 to $68,000 for the Grand Sport, from $75,000 to $82,000 for the Z06, and from $106,800 for the ZR1.
The Corvette wasn't always a spec-slayer. The first 1953 models featured solid rear axles and in-line six-cylinder engines, though in 1955, the V-8 became standard. When the second generation "Sting Ray" debuted in 1963, independent rear suspension was added and output was increased to 360 horsepower. A big-block 6.5-liter model was added in 1965, before the famous 427 cubic inch (7.0-liter) engine joined in 1966. The third-gen car began its run in 1968, running for 13 years until 1982--the longest run of the various Corvette generations. The new, fender-flared body style was the primary new addition to the line, along with a three-year run for the ZR-1 performance edition, though emissions and fuel regulations conspired to restrict power output and potential of Corvettes throughout the 1970s.
The fourth-generation Corvette hit the street in 1983 as a 1984 year model, bringing with it a complete redesign of the car aside from the engine, with a sleek, modern design and digital instruments, and the second ZR-1 performance version. The fifth-gen car, introduced in 1997, saw another major upgrade, with improved build quality, more performance, and better handling the result. The Z06 model was introduced in 2001, and engines continued to be upgraded, producing 405 horsepower in the Z06.
The sixth Corvette generation began in 2005, and brought with it all new bodywork and improved suspension. Power climbed to 400 horsepower for the base Corvette initially, now up to 430 horsepower from its 6.2-liter V-8 LS3 engine, and 505 horsepower for the current 7.0-liter Z06. The ZR1 was added back to the lineup in late 2007 as a 2008 year model, producing 638 horsepower from a supercharged 6.2-liter V-8 engine. Currently available in Coupe, Convertible, a Grand Sport version with upgraded brakes and special bodywork, the high-performance Z06, and the supercar-rivaling ZR1.
The Coupe and Convertible were the standard Corvettes, with 430 horsepower output and all the conveniences of a modern car, including available Bluetooth on some models, a choice of six-speed manual or automatic transmission, and available leather interior. The Grand Sport was also available as both a coupe and convertible, though the coupe received a few performance upgrades over the soft-top, including a dry-sump oil system when equipped with the six-speed manual transmission, plus the upgraded brakes and flared fenders that both variants get. The Corvette Z06 upped the performance ante with extensive use of carbon fiber body panels and components, an aluminum frame, and a 505-horsepower engine. The ZR1 was king of the hill, its massive power output combined with Brembo ceramic carbon brakes, visible carbon fiber weave components, and a 205-mph top speed. Despite huge power and impressive performance figures, the brawny engines and tall gears in the Corvette enable it to achieve up to 26 mpg on the highway.
While 2012 brought no major changes to the Corvette range, an updated interior, some new technology packages, and a selection of new exterior paint colors enhanced the offerings. The Corvette's high-performance Z06 and ZR1 models received updated performance packages as well.
For the 2013 model year, a new 427 Convertible Collector Edition was added, pairing the Z06's LS7 V-8 engine with a Corvette Convertible chassis and unique 60th Anniversary touches. A 60th Anniversary Package is available on all 2013 model Corvettes, adding a special touch to celebrate six decades of the Corvette. The rest of the line carries forward largely unchanged from last year.
The previous sixth-generation (C6) Corvette set new benchmarks for the capabilities of a relatively affordable street-legal sports car, but for the 2014 model year, the seventh generation of the Corvette is here to take performance to even higher levels.
The seventh-generation Corvette, a 2014 model to be sold beginning in 2013, draws on GM's global resources for its new design--the first time the Corvette team has looked outside the U.S. for the iconic 'Vette. The 2014 Chevy Corvette gets a new "LT1" V-8 engine, newly designed for the sports car. The new engine makes 450 horsepower and 450 pound-feet of torque, with more than 400 pound-feet of torque between 2,000 and 4,000 rpm.
So equipped, the base Corvette will accelerate from 0-60 mph in under 4.0 seconds, a number that almost ties the 2012 Z06 Corvette’s time of 3.7 seconds. On top of that, direct injection and low friction should help the Corvette's fuel economy rise to as high as 26 mpg highway. Other improvements of the seventh-generation car over the previous iteration include a partially aluminum chassis even in base model vehicles, which should help torsional rigidity and thereby sharpen handling even further.
A Stingray Convertible has also joined the seventh-generation fold, with examples shown at the Geneva and New York auto shows.
A Z51 performance package is available for the 2014 Corvette, adding an electronic limited-slip differential and dry-sump oiling for the engine among other upgrades. More variants, including higher-performance coupes, are expected to roll out over the next year or two. A recent rendering of what a C7.R race car might look like has also surfaced.
The 2014 Corvette is expected to go on sale by fall 2013.