Buick LaCrosse History
2012 Buick Lacrosse with eAssist, Catskill Mountains, October 2011Enlarge Photo
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The Buick LaCrosse is mid- to large-size sedan that has one foot in the mainstream and another in the luxury market. It's available in both front- and all-wheel drive with a V-6 or mild hybrid option, and it competes with cars like the Lexus ES, Acura TL and Volvo S60.See our 2014 Buick LaCrosse review for more information, including pricing with options.
One of the first vehicles to usher in the latest era of Buick style and size, the LaCrosse effectively replaced the old LeSabre sedan when it was new in 2005. That first version was quite different from today's car: it was much like a smaller version of the Lucerne, epitomizing the old American view of a floaty, conservatively styled luxury Buick. Powered by a 3.6-liter V-6, a 3.8-liter V-6 or a 5.3-liter V-8, the first-generation LaCrosse was neither sporty nor fuel efficient, though the V-8 model packed some solid highway muscle. In any of three trims--CX, CXL and CXS--the car was front-drive only and offered features that came up somewhat short of the competition. To help remedy that problem, the Super trim was added in 2008, featuring magnetic adjustable shock absorbers, larger brakes, a revised suspension, projector beam fog lights, wood grain interior trim and new leather seating surfaces. The 2009 model year was the last for the first-generation LaCrosse.
The second-generation LaCrosse is a completely different prospect, with a striking design and much-improved materials, build quality, features and ride. Introduced to the market in 2009 as a 2010 model, the new LaCrosse quickly garnered praise for its looks, and featured a new range of engines, including a 2.4-liter four-cylinder, a 3.0-liter V-6 and a 3.6-liter V-6. The four-cylinder was intended to grab great fuel economy figures for LaCrosse, while the 3.0-liter and 3.6-liter V-6s add some thrust to the large sedan.
Initially it was available in four trims--CX, CXL, CXS and AWD, and at first, the new LaCrosse was packaged to suit a variety of tastes and budgets. The base CX featured standard OnStar and the 255-horsepower 3.0-liter V-6 engine, with cloth interior, single-zone automatic climate control, and available entertainment and comfort & convenience packages. The CXL stepped up with dual-zone automatic climate control, heated seats, variable-effort power steering, and an available luxury package. The CXS added to this with the 280-horsepower 3.6-liter V-6 and memory-setting seats. The all-wheel-drive LaCrosse was only available in CXL trim, with the 3.0-liter V-6. All new LaCrosse sedans featured a six-speed automatic transmission.
GM discontinued the 3.0-liter V-6 in 2011, since the 3.6-liter six offered much better performance and gave equivalent real-world gas mileage. In the same year, the 182-horsepower four-cylinder model became the LaCrosse's base engine. It was a stopgap measure, lasting just a year until the Buick LaCrosse eAssist was introduced in the 2012 model year. With a reconfigured version of GM's belt-alternator-starter mild-hybrid system, the LaCrosse eAssist returns EPA ratings of 25 mpg city, 36 highway. As such, the LaCrosse has a smoother, more refined character--thanks to the electric-motor system, which now aids drivability and allows the engine to stop at stoplights (it's restarted when you lift off the brake).
The IntelliLink touch-screen connectivity system was new to the LaCrosse lineup for 2012 and combined phone and media-player connectivity with the capability to stream audio through Pandora or Stitcher apps; it was made standard for 2013. At the same time, Buick integrated the navigation system with IntelliLink, and topped off the GPS' features list with XM Travel Link services, including real-time traffic reports.
For the 2014 model year, Buick has given the LaCrosse a mild facelift, adding LED running lights and taillamps and reshaping the hood and dash. New interior trim options include an "Ultra Luxury" package with wood and lightly treated leather, while a new Bose audio system becomes an option. The powertrains are carried over, while 20-inch wheels and tires are a new option. The IntelliLink system has also been upgraded to add more functionality--it can hold 60 user favorites, and 1000 contacts--and has the user-configurable home screen and other functions found in Cadillac's CUE system, minus the haptic feedback.