New & Used BMW M5: In Depth
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Sports sedan history was reimagined when the BMW M5 first arrived in 1985, but the story actually began in 1980 with the M535i.
As the official motorsport version of the 5-Series at the time, the E12 M535i was considered the first full production car released by the BMW Motorsport division. This 3.5-liter, 215-horsepower sport sedan offered Recaro seats, a limited-slip differential, larger brakes, and other performance enhancements.
For all of the details on the current BMW M5, read our full review.
The true M5 line began with the E28 generation, however, and ran from 1985-1988, seeing just under 2,200 units built. Despite its relative rarity, the E28 M5 grew BMW's reputation for building high-performance road cars, as the M1-derived engine under the hood produced 256 horsepower for American use. That's a decrease of about 26 horsepower compared to the European model cars, due in part to the addition of a catalytic converter for emissions.
The E34 M5, built from 1989-1995 (but sold in the U.S. only during the 1991-1993 model years), truly established BMW's reputation in the sport sedan world, however, selling over 12,000 units worldwide and setting a new benchmark for performance and luxury in its era. Again, power for U.S. models was reduced in comparison to its European cousins, but less markedly; U.S. M5s rated 307 horsepower, a loss of just 4 horsepower compared to the freer-flowing models in the Old World. This generation also saw the first station wagon to wear an M badge, the M5 Touring, introduced in 1992. In U.S. trim, the M5 was good for 0-60 mph in about 6.4 seconds and an electronically limited top speed of 155 mph.
As the M5 evolved, it grew not only larger and more powerful, but also more high-tech. Among the equipment featured on the car during its model run was front and rear Park Distance Control, a wireless car phone, solar-sensing automatic climate control, and DVD-based navigation. The E39 M5, built from 1998-2003, sported an S62 V-8 engine rated at 394 horsepower, fitted to a Getrag six-speed manual transmission. Unlike the E28 and E34 before it, however, the E39 M5 was no longer hand-built by the M Division, but based on a series-produced chassis with modifications from M. The changes included lower, stiffer springs; revalved dampers; a limited-slip differential; quicker steering; stiffer anti-roll bars, and other performance upgrades. This M5 was even quicker than the last, despite its increased size, hitting 60 mph in just 4.8 seconds, but still topping out at the same electronically limited 155 mph. A Touring model was also built for this generation, sharing its equipment with the sedan.
In 2005, a new M5 joined the fold, and this was the largest and most high-tech yet. With the world's first production V-10 engine in a sedan, the E60 M5 produced a sound unlike anything else, and quickly won fans around the world. Rated at 500 horsepower and paired with either a six-speed manual or a seven-speed Getrag SMG III single-clutch, semi-automatic transmission. The SMG transmission was often maligned for its jerky operation, but for its time, it was an innovative addition to a relatively affordable performance sedan, with features like launch control, paddle shifters, downshift rev-matching, and 65-millisecond shift times. The six-speed conventional manual was introduced largely to meet American demand, and while slower in acceleration dests, offered greater driver engagement. A Touring version was built for European markets, but was never officially sold in North America. Top speed was once again limited to 155 mph (later 170 mph), though de-limited motels could hit speeds in excess of 200 mph.
The most recent version of the M5, the F10, began its life in the U.S. in 2012 as a 2013 model. Reducing the cylinder count for the first time in the M5's history, the F10 M5 returned to a V-8 configuration, but added a pair of turbochargers. The result is a monstrous 560 horsepower, enabling 4.4-second 0-60 mph runs and a top speed of 190 mph with the M Driver's Package (electronically limited to 155 mph otherwise). This performance, despite its nearly 4,300-pound curb weight, places the M5 sedan among the highest-performance sedans in the world, regardless of price. A new M DCT seven-speed dual-clutch transmission was the only offering at launch, bringing with it launch control and paddle shifters once again. Two years into its run, in 2013, BMW added a six-speed manual offering to the car at the Detroit Auto Show--again to service American demand. No M5 Touring model has yet been offered, though Europeans do have the option of a diesel-powered M Performance model called the M550d xDrive Touring.
For the 2014 model year, BMW added a new Competition Package that increased the output to 575 horsepower, as well as enhancing the suspension with new coil springs, damper calibrations, and anti-roll bars. The electronic stability control system was remapped for higher thresholds before intervention, and the exterior of Competition Package models received black-tipped exhaust outlets, and unique 20-inch alloy wheels. Updates across the line for 2014 included available LED headlights, revised tail lights, and an updated kidney grille; interior tweaks include a new M Sport steering wheel, updates to the iDrive system, and minor trim updates.